Nurse Practitioner Salary

Nurse Practitioner Salaries

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Nurse Practitioner Salary

Army Nurse Corps historical photo—Army Medicine (Flickr.com)

The term “nurse” refers to the broad field of professionals who perform a huge variety of duties in nearly every medical setting. Nurse practitioners, however, play a far more specialized role. The nurse practitioner holds the most advanced degree in the nursing field and in many cases they will take the place of a physician in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Nurse practitioners are responsible for a wide variety of tasks ranging from routine check-ups and writing prescriptions to putting in sutures and even performing minor surgeries.

The Skinny on Nurse Practitioner Salaries

The profession of a nurse practitioner ranks as one of the jobs most in demand in the health care industry. Health care providers are searching for ways to provide affordable service in a time when costs are through the roof. Nurse practitioners fill that needed service by performing many of the duties of a physician at a much lower salary.

Nurse practitioners make an annual average salary of $94,050, or an hourly average of $46.12. Most nurse practitioners work full-time, and receive various additional benefits including life and health insurance, retirement pension and paid vacation days.

Determining Factors

One of the primary factors in determining the salary of a nurse practitioner is their level of education. Those who choose to take their education beyond the basic requirements will typically earn higher salaries. Some, for example, will choose to pursue a Ph.D. and this will not only enhance their skill set, but it will typically ensure a healthy salary bump as well.

By the same token, branching into a specialty field can also have a strong influence on a nurse practitioner’s salary. As you can see from AANP (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners) statistics, while salaries are high overall, NPs specializing in neonatal care and mental health are definitely on the high end of the spectrum. Those who choose to branch into further subspecialties like neurology, urology or cardiovascular care can typically expect to earn significantly more as well.

SPECIALTY

AVERAGE HOURLY

AVERAGE ANNUAL

Family Practice

$50.26

$96,910

Adult

$50.91

$98,160

Gerontology

$50.82

$97,990

Pediatrics

$47.84

$92,250

Neonatal

$64.59

$124,540

Mental Health

$57.68

$111,220

Of course, a nurse practitioner’s salary typically increases with experience. The AANP notes that a nurse practitioner can expect to start out with an annual salary between $80,000 and $90,000. After five years that salary can jump as high as $100,000 and increase gradually with each additional year of experience. Interestingly, however, that upward trend seems to stop once a nurse practitioner passes 25 years in the field.

Finally, the work shifts or schedule that an NP handles can factor into their compensation. Few folks voluntarily choose the graveyard shift, so most employers will offer a higher salary for those willing to work the odd hours. When shifts change and NPs rotate on the night shift, they’ll simply receive an additional night shift differential pay. However, the nurses that are employed to exclusively work the night shift will almost always receive a higher salary than those who solely work the day shift.

Employer Breakdown

According to statistics provided by the AANP, the nurse practitioner’s place of employment does factor significantly in their average annual compensation. Emergency room NPs typically average higher than most others due to the nature of the work and the odd work hours. Nurse practitioners that launch into a private practice also earn a higher salary than others in their field with an annual average salary of $111,750.

EMPLOYER

AVERAGE HOURLY

AVERAGE ANNUAL

Private NP Practice

$57.96

$111,750

Offices of Physicians

$49.62

$95,680

Community Health Center

$47.77

$92,110

Rural Health Clinic

$48.00

$92,560

Hospital Outpatient Clinic

$51.20

$98,720

Emergency Room/Urgent Care Facility

$59.68

$115,070

In-Patient Hospital Unit

$53.76

$103,650

Geographic Breakdown

Finally a large determining factor in the salaries of nurse practitioners is their geographic location. Salaries range widely from one state to the next, as well as between urban and metropolitan areas. In larger cities, a nurse practitioner is expected to handle a high volume of patients each day; thus, she will generally receive a higher salary than an NP in a rural clinic. Salaries are fairly high overall in the profession, though there are noticeable differences, ranging from an annual average of $71,000 in Hawaii to an average salary of $112,000 in Mississippi.

STATE

AVERAGE HOURLY

AVERAGE ANNUAL

Alabama

$51.07

$98,400

Alaska

$40.24

$77,500

Arizona

$42.38

$81,600

Arkansas

$47.57

$92,600

California

$52.11

$100,500

Colorado

$42.78

$82,400

Connecticut

$51.47

$99,200

Delaware

$46.66

$89,800

District of Colombia

$55.41

$106,700

Florida

$46.72

$89,900

Georgia

$51.01

$98,300

Hawaii

$37.07

$71,400

Idaho

$42.07

$81,100

Illinois

$50.69

$97,600

Indiana

$50.62

$97,500

Iowa

$45.31

$87,300

Kansas

$42.72

$82,300

Kentucky

$45.10

$86,800

Louisiana

$37.90

$72,900

Maine

$46.93

$90,400

Maryland

$49.40

$95,200

Massachusetts

$55.93

$107,700

Michigan

$44.21

$85,200

Minnesota

$44.98

$86,600

Mississippi

$58.15

$112,100

Missouri

$47.44

$92,400

Montana

$47.38

$92,300

Nebraska

$40.31

$77,600

Nevada

$45.62

$87,800

New Hampshire

$49.92

$96,200

New Jersey

$51.26

$98,700

New York

$56.84

$109,500

North Carolina

$46.72

$89,900

North Dakota

$46.47

$89,500

Ohio

$45.37

$87,400

Oklahoma

$44.00

$84,700

Oregon

$45.62

$87,800

Pennsylvania

$42.59

$82,100

Rhode Island

$51.01

$98,300

South Carolina

$43.17

$83,200

South Dakota

$39.96

$77,200

Tennessee

$45.62

$87,800

Texas

$45.68

$87,900

Utah

$45.37

$87,400

Vermont

$48.81

$94,100

Virginia

$49.31

$94,900

Washington

$44.85

$86,400

West Virginia

$49.46

$95,300

Wisconsin

$39.91

$76,800

Wyoming

$51.47

$99,200

 Related Resources:

Health Career Web

Washington Post Nurse Practitioner